bees

Honeybees

Apis nekkufera Linnaeus

Honey bees are social insects found all over the world. They are an extremely important beneficial insect because of their role in pollination. Honey bees pollinate more than 100 crops in the U.S.

Color: Predominantly golden-yellow with brown bands
Legs: Six
Shape: Oval; bee shape
Size: 1/2
Antennae: Yes
Flight: Yes

Habits:
Honeybees are active pollinators, and produce honey which feeds their young in colder months. The honeybee is the only social insect whose colony can survive many years.

Habitat:
Honeybees produce honey from pollen and nectar of the plants they pollinate. They store the honey in honeycombs in their nests. They often build their nests in tree crevices, but will occasionally build nests in attics or chimneys.

Threats:
Honeybees do sting, but they only sting once. The sting can be extremely painful if the stinger is not immediately removed from the sting. Persons allergic to insect stings will have a more severe reaction.
Honeybees can be found in All 50 States

Prevention:
Honeybees should be addressed by a professional. Removal of a honeybee nest and the honey product can be very messy. Because honeybee colonies are so large, only a pest control professional or experienced beekeeper can safely remove a honeybee nest.

Carpenter Bees

Xylocopa species

Carpenter bees look like typical bumblebees but often lack yellow stripes. They are solitary bees.

Color: Blue-black, green or purple metallic sheen on abdomen
Legs: Six
Shape: Oval; bee shape
Size: 1
Antennae: Yes
Flight: Yes

Habits: Unlike bumble bees, carpenter bees are solitary insects. Female carpenter bees will chew a tunnel into a piece of wood to build a nest gallery. The bits of wood she chews and deposits outside the nest are called frass. The male carpenter bee guards the outside of the nest. He does not have a stinger, but his constant buzzing causes concern for some.

Habitat: Carpenter bees bore through soft woods to lay eggs and protect their larvae as they develop.

Threats: Carpenter bees do not pose a public health threat, but they can damage wood through their nest building.
Carpenter Bees can be found in All 50 States

Prevention: Carpenter bees prefer bare wood, so painting and staining wood can sometimes deter them. However, they will sometimes attack stained or painted wood, so contact a pest control professional for assistance.

Bumble Bees

Subfamily bombinae; bombus species

Bumble bees are beneficial insects because they pollinate crops and plants.

Color: Black with yellow stripes
Legs: Six
Shape: Oval; bee shape
Size: 1″
Antennae: Yes
Flight: Yes

Habits:
The occupant of a disturbed bumble bee nest will buzz in a loud volume. They defend their nests aggressively.

Habitat:
Bumble bees often nest in the ground, but can be found above ground around patio areas or decks. They will sometimes build their ness in soffits of attics.

Threats:
As part of their aggressive defense of their nests, bumble bees will chase nest invaders for a considerable distance. The bumble bee sting is one of the most painful. Unlike honey bees, bumble bees can sting more than once.